Posts tagged ‘medicine’

February 18, 2015

Herbal Dosages

The dosages in the herbal monographs are meant to act as general guidelines and are strictly adult dosages only. It is very difficult to generalize, because everyone is different with unique needs, but dosage needs to be a part of the conversation in order to understand how to use herbs. Everything is a remedy or a poison depending on the dose.

There are many factors to consider when calculating dose. Dosages vary depending on the strength of the herb, the constitution of the person, age, weight, and height.
As a general rule dosage goes down as the strength and/or heat of the herb increases.
Taking lower than recommended doses apply to people who have significant levels of toxicity, are in a severely depleted state, taking pharmaceutical medication, or are elderly.

If symptoms get worse, decrease or cease dosage, or change herbs.
Always consult a qualified professional.

It is best to start taking herb tinctures with only one herb at a time, until you become more familiar with the herbs and what they do.


As a general rule use one drop per pound per person.

Dosages can range anywhere from one drop to one teaspoon,
or 1-5 ml, and depends on if you are treating acute symptoms or chronic long term issues. An example of an acute condition is a cold, and a chronic condition is arthritis.

1 teaspoon= 5ml
15ml = 1 tablespoon =3 teaspoons= .5 oz.
30mls = 2 tablespoons= 6 teaspoons= 1 oz.

Dropper bottles with Droppers can contain 28 drops = 1 ml per dropper full
One squeeze of a dropper equals 1 ml

ADULT DOSE: Puberty- 70 (or 100 pounds or more)
Chronic dose: 3-5 droppers
Acute dose: 5-8 droppers

SENIORS DOSE: 70 Years or older
Chronic dose: 2-4 droppers
Acute dose: 4-5 droppers

CHILDREN DOSE: 2 year- Puberty
Chronic dose: weight in pounds × 0.04+/- .25 droppers
Acute dose: weight in pounds × 0.07+/- 0.5 droppers


February 7, 2015

DIY Rose Tincture and Perfume for Nutritive Medicine and Skincare 🌹

Roses are such divine food, medicine and perfume, but watch out for those pointy, sharp thorns on the stem. It’s easy to see why it is such a universal symbol of love. 🌹

I collected some wild rose petals from my garden, for a rose petal tincture and essence. Wear gloves and protective clothing to harvest. Wild roses are better than the commercial varieties for medicinal use.

You can make your own perfume out of Rose petal flowers, as well as medicine.image

See my blog on how to make your own natural perfume from flowers.

Rose petal tincture is used medicinally as a nutritive for debility. Rose has a euphoric, aphrodisiac action that soothes and relaxes the nervous system. It tones digestion, reduces inflammation, and is great to use in skincare products. It is good for all skin types, especially mature skin. It’s easy to add rose water and essential oil to make your own skincare products.

See my blog on using Rose essential oil.

Rose water is what is separated from the essential oil part, and is used in cooking, baking, and for beverages.

Rose hips, collected after the flowers bloom, are delicious, nutritious medicinal food. Rose hip tea beverages and culinary soups have a pink red colour, and pack some good Vitamin C content and phytonutrients.

Here are some beautiful roses for you friends. The roses in these pictures are from my garden, so take some time to smell the roses.🌹

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Common Name  Rose hips/ flowers
Latin Name  Rosa spp.
Family Rosaceae
Parts Used Perennial- Collect flower petals during growing season. Roses lay dormant in colder climates. Collect rosehips in the Fall. Essential oil made from flowers. 
Target Organs Digestion, Central Nervous System, Nerves, Skin
Common Uses Aphrodisiac, perfume, debility, exhaustion, nutritive, inflammation, skincare, Rosehips, rosewater, are used in cooking and beverages
Properties Aphrodisiac, antidepressant, antiseptic, euphoric, antispasmodic, nutritive, astringent, mild laxative, vulnerary, diuretic, anti-inflammatory,
Constituents Essential oil : Esters: geranyl acetate, citronellyl acetate, neryl acetate, 

Sesquiterpene alcohol: farnesol, 

Aldehydes: benzaldehyde

Monoterpene alcohols: Citronellol 15-20%, geraniol 10%, linalool, nerol 15%, cedrol, linlool  

Monoterpenes: a+b pinene, limonene, camphene, b-caryophyllene, citronellal, p-cymene  

Damask rose: a-damascenone, B-damascenone, B-damscone, B-ionone, rose oxide  

Other: vitamin C, tannin, pectin, carotene, fruit acids

Cautions Do not use during pregnancy. Thorny plant, caution while harvesting.
Dosage Tincture: 1-4ml Tea rose hips, flowers


November 29, 2012

Common St. John’s Wort

Common St. John’s Wort

St. John’s Wort is one of the biggest selling herbal remedies in the world. Used internally for depression, insomnia, cramps, irritability and externally for pain, burns, and wounds it has powerful restorative action. St. John’s Wort grows in Europe and became naturalized in North America ranging from Eastern Canada, B.C. and across the U.S.A. There are many species of Hypericum.

St. John’s Wort in B.C.

This cheery yellow perennial wildflower blooms from June to September and has tough branched stems with paired leaves. The dark dots on the leaves and flowers contain hypericin, a deep red pigment used to treat depression, irritability, insomnia, and cramps. The infused oil treats burns, bruises, wounds, arthritic rheumatic joints, and neuralgia. Put dried St. John’s wort in carrier oil of your choice to make a healing infused oil for your face and body to treat pain, sprains, wounds, burns, and any irritated areas. See my blog DIY face oils and Calendula oil to make an infused herbal oil. 


The Energetics of Western Herbs Vol. 1&2 Peter Holmes, Snow Lotus Press 1989 

The Herb Book, John Lust, Bantam books 1974 

The Essential Book of Herbal Medicine & Out of Earth, Simon Y. Mills, Arkana penguin Books 1991 

The Complete Illustrated Holistic Herbal, David Hoffman, Element books 1996 

The Green Pharmacy, James A. Duke, Rodale 1997 

The Merck Manual of Medical Information 

Peterson Field Guides, Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants and Herbs, Steven foster and James A. Duke, Houghton Mifflin Company 2000  

Ontario Wildflowers, 101 Wayside Flowers, Lone Pine Publishing 2002

Common Name  St. John’s Wort herb
Latin Name  Hypericum perforatum
Family Clusiaceae
Parts Used Perennial- top flowers picked during blooming in summer July-September
Target Organs kidney/bladder, digestion, lungs, nerves, blood, cardiovascular, heart
Common Uses Nervous system: tonic, relaxant restorative, anxiety, depression, neuromuscular relaxant

Urinary system: UTI,  dissolve stones, incontinence,

Pain: stress, headache, migraine, spine pain, neuralgia,  sciatica,

Digestion: IBS, colitis, ulcers-mouth gastro/duodenal

Cardiovascular: tonic, heart tonic

External: burn, bruises, injury, pain, tumour, wounds, sprains, strains, astringent hemostatic

Antiviral infections and conditions


Properties Analgesic, antibacterial,   anti-depressant,  anti-inflammatory, antidiahrreal, antineurotoxic, antioxidant,   antispasmodic, antiulcerogenic, antiviral, anxiolytic, astringent, cardiac,  diuretic, febrifuge,  haemostatic, nervine, relaxant, sedative, tranquilizer, vascular tonic, vasodilator, vulnerary,  clears damp cold, 
Essential Oil Yield: .07%

Monoterpenes: a+b pinene, germacrene, Sesquiterpenes:

Other:    flavonoids: rutin, phlobaphene;  Polyphenolic flavonoid derivative:   hyperoside; tannins,  red diathrones:   hypericin, psudohypericin; carotenoids, resins, alkaloid, pectin, xanthones,   rhodan,


Cautions Medium strength: Avoid sun exposure causes photosensitivity. Do not use in conjunction with other medications antidepressants, MAOI’s, HIV drugs, blood thinners, digitoxin heart medication, iron supplements, and oral contraceptives. Do not use during pregnancy causes increased muscle tone in uterus.
Dosage Tincture: 2-4ml 3 week on 1 week off cycles. Best used in a formulation.

Tea: 1-2 tsp ( 8-14g) infuse 5-15 minutes

July 26, 2012

Echinacea with Amazing Butterfly Pictures

Echinacea is blooming and what a beautiful butterfly magnet it is! Echinacea is the latin name that people are familiar with, but the common name for this amazing perennial wildflower is purple coneflower. ‘Echinos’ is the Greek word for sea urchin or hedgehog, which relates to the look of the center cones that resemble the spines of hedgehogs, especially when dried.

There are three types or species of Echinacea:

  1. ‘purpurea’ is the purple variety
  2. ‘angustifolia’ is the narrow leaf variety
  3. ‘pallida’ means pale, named for the paler varieties. This variety is used less  medicinally.

Do not misuse Echinacea as a long-term immune enhancer, it is not like adaptogens such as ginseng. Echinacea is a cool detoxicant that reduces infection and heat. Use it for short-term infections and acute conditions only.

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***Echinacea should only be used as short-term immune stimulant. Do not use long-term and avoid overuse. Do not pick it in the wild, it is extinct and endangered. Cultivate it yourself or buy the root dried. Echinacea is also a good ingredient in gargles, washes, compresses, syrups, and used externally to treat injuries, burns, and skin disorders.

Learn how to make your own tincture here:

Common Name  Echinacea/ Purple coneflower root
Latin Name  Echinacea spp. angustifolia/ purpurea/pallida
Family Asteraceae
Parts Used perennial flowers rarely used/ root harvested in late summer /fall after blooming
Target Organs Blood, lymphatic, skin, stomach, urogenital, immune,
Common Uses bacterial viral infections, first sign cold, flu, chills, swollen glands lymph congestion, runny stuffy nose, cough, laryngitis, food allergies, UTI, skin infections, fever, inflammation, discharge,  wounds, ulcers, burns,
Properties Cool, dry, calming, stimulating, restoring, dissolving, anti-microbial, antibacterial, antiallergenic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anti-toxic, astringent, alterative, anti-catarrhal, antiviral, antineoplastic, febrifuge, depurative, detoxicant, diuretic, lymphatic, decongestant, stimulating/regulating, immune stimulant, vulnerary
Constituents Essential oil, humulene, sesquiterpenes, glycoside echinoside, polysaccharides-echinacin, inulin, isobutylamides, polyines, polyenes, echinolone, betaine, tannins, resins, oleic/cerotic/ linolic/ palmatic acids, 13 polyacetylenes, enzymes, fatty acids, phytosterols, trace minerals, vitamin C
Cautions Mild remedy but may cause dizziness, nausea, numb tongue, gastric upset, cankers, throat irritation due to its stimulating nature.
Dosage Most effective: Tincture: 2-4ml                 Decoction: 6-10 g

Acute conditions like infection or onset of a cold

Take up to 2 tablespoons of decoction or 1 tsp. of tincture every two hours at acute protocols

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